Greeting in Jesus Christ and God the Father, who is ever praised. I want mainly to show where "thrones" are used in various parts of the bible.
In the OT, God is shown judging His people and "thrones" being set up. One interesting passage showing this is in Psalm 122 and depending on "translation" used, it shows thrones set in "Jerusalem":It appears God speaks of 2 different types of Jerusalems, a physical one and a spiritual one that His Son, Jesus the Christ["annointed"] will set up in the future.Psalms 122:1 A Song of Ascents. Of David. I was glad when they said to me, "Let us go into the house of the LORD." 2 Our feet have been standing Within your gates, O Jerusalem! 3 Jerusalem is built As a city that is compact together, 4 Where the tribes go up, The tribes of the LORD, To the Testimony of Israel, To give thanks to the name of the LORD. 5 For thrones are set there for judgment, The thrones of the house of David.
Jeremiah shows ALL the families of the north setting up "thrones" at the entrance to Jerusalem. [There are many places in the OT that show an army or destroyer coming out of the North]. We can see from the wording that they are not literal "chairs/Seats" to sit on, but judging by the Word and Witness of Jesus Christ and dispening justice.Jeremiah 1:14Then the LORD said to me: "Out of the North calamity shall break forth On all the inhabitants of the land. 15 For behold, I am calling All the families of the kingdoms of the north," says the LORD; "They shall come and each one set his throne At the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, Against all its walls all around, And against all the cities of Judah. 16 I will utter My judgments Against them concerning all their wickedness, Because they have forsaken Me, Burned incense to other gods, And worshiped the works of their own hands.
Luke and Matt shows the Apostle's will sit on 12 thrones judging the 12 Tribes of Israel. These were the "firstfruit" of Christ's elect and so are giving that honour.
Luke 22:30 that ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and ye shall sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Matthew 19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, that ye who have followed me, in the regeneration["3824]when the Son of man shall sit on the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
This form of the word "regeneration" is used in only one other place in the NT, Titus 3Titus 3:5 not by works [done] in righteousness, which we did ourselves, but according to his mercy he saved us, through the washing of regeneration[#3824] and renewing of the Holy Spirit,Moving to revelation, we see Jesus telling those Elect saints that overcome, they will be sitting on thrones. This appears to me they must die to be able to sit on them?3824 paliggenesia pal-ing-ghen-es-ee'-ah from 3825 and 1078; (spiritual) rebirth (the state or the act), i.e. (figuratively) spiritual renovation; specially, Messianic restoration:--regeneration.3825 palin pal'-in probably from the same as 3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, i.e. (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjunctionally) furthermore or on the other hand:--again.
Revelation 3:14 " And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans[last church] write,21 "To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne.
In revelation 20, John visions thrones and those sitting on them. Again, either they have died and been raised or they are living and judging while "on earth"?
revelation 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them...............
Revelation 20 again shows a White Throne and those standing before it. What is curious is they are not shown "raised or delivered up".What is the difference between these and the ones raised up out of the "sea" and "death and hades"?
revelation 20:11Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them. 12 And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is [the Book] of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.
Daniel 7 shows both thrones and white throne set up to judge with a "nasty beast" being thrown into the flames. Is this the same beast in revelation or is it the devil or false prophet? Any views?
Daniel 7:8 "I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, [were] eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words. 9 " I watched till thrones were put in place, And the Ancient of Days was seated; His garment [was] white as snow, And the hair of His head [was] like pure wool. His throne [was] a fiery flame, Its wheels a burning fire; 10 A fiery stream issued And came forth from before Him. A thousand thousands ministered to Him; Ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him. The court was seated, And the books were opened. 11 "I watched then because of the sound of the pompous words which the horn was speaking; I watched till the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given to the burning flame. 12 "As for the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away, yet their lives were prolonged for a season and a time.